Eight million people have been affected by the massive earthquake in Nepal – more than a quarter of the country’s population – the United Nations says.International aid has started arriving but there is still huge need – 1.4 million require food aid, the UN said.The 7.8-magnitude quake hit Nepal on Saturday destroying buildings in Kathmandu and severely affecting rural areas across the region.The death toll has risen to 4,310, with almost 8,000 injured, officials say.Nepal and surrounding areas have continued to experience aftershocks. Thousands in Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital, spent a third night outside, too afraid to go back into their houses.Water, food and electricity are in short supply and there are fears of outbreaks of disease.”According to initial estimations and based on the latest earthquake intensity mapping, eight million people in 39 districts have been affected, of which over two million people live in the 11 severely affected districts,” saidthe mostrecent reportfrom the UN Office of the Resident Co-ordinator.The situation is critical in the remote rural regions towards the epicentre of Saturday’s quake.”In the rural areas, 90% of the people have been affected by this calamity,” Surya Mohan Adhikari, an official in the district of Gorkha, close to the epicentre, told AP news agency. “They have lost their homes and livestock, they have no way of getting food.””It is very difficult to reach them,” he added. “They are cut off by landslides on the mountain roads, and the wind and rain is making it difficult for helicopters to land.”Aid agency Oxfam says it is using land routes to get aid in and hopes to reach the epicentre region on Tuesday.
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